Full-spectrum, broad-spectrum and CBD isolate: What’s the difference?
It’s all about the extraction process
Although CBD (cannabidiol) is a cannabinoid that always comes from either the hemp and cannabis plant, you have the option of choosing your preferred extraction method, according to how each extraction method meets your individual needs. Each extraction method offers different attributes, and no single product will suit every person. Understanding your options is vital to choosing the right one for you.
What is full-spectrum CBD?
“Full-spectrum” means that all the nutritive parts of the plant are distilled into a pure, potent extract which unlocks CBD’s full potential. The extracted oil initially contains flavonoids, terpenes*, other cannabinoids, and even additional elements like chlorophyll. Full-spectrum CBD oil achieves what we call the “entourage effect,” in which cannabinoids “work” in synergy. Full spectrum is high in CBD concentration — but it also contains trace amounts (0.3%) of THC. It undergoes less processing than isolates, so those who want the inclusion of plant terpenes (and are prepared to pay more) tend to prefer full spectrum.
CBD isolate is pure cannabidiol: clear and flavorless, THC-free, 99% CBD. In this case, the raw extraction material was pulled from the plant and was further processed to strip it of everything but CBD. The other cannabinoids, terpenes and chemical compounds were removed in this process. Individuals who are regularly drug tested or prefer to use CBD without trace amounts of THC**, or who are sensitive to certain cannabinoids, tend to lean towards products with CBD isolate. Many enjoy isolate because it usually costs less than full spectrum, per milligram.
Broad spectrum CBD
Broad-spectrum CBD is somewhat of a compromise between full spectrum and CBD isolate, but the difference between full spectrum and broad-spectrum CBD lies in the absence of THC; all of the other naturally occurring terpenes and cannabinoids remain. Broad spectrum may be a good option for individuals looking for a middle ground between full spectrum and CBD isolate, or for those that reside in states that have strict THC laws.
As you begin to think about what CBD products are right for you, it’s important to understand how to shop for CBD oil and the terminology around it. Take all the factors into consideration when you’re selecting the CBD products that work best for you, your needs and your lifestyle. And when possible, speak with your physician about which type of CBD might be best for your individual needs.
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*Our body has an endocannabinoid system that connects with both THC and CBD, and why both THC and CBD can have a certain effect on individuals. While terpenes, like cannabinoids, are a chemical compound found in the cannabis and hemp plant, our bodies don’t naturally produce terpenes and don’t react to it.
** CBD companies can’t necessarily substantiate a 100% guarantee that you’ll pass a drug test while using their products, even if they’re tested and proven to be THC-free. Even the small amount of THC that may be found in broad-spectrum, full-spectrum or even CBD-isolate products can leave metabolites behind that stick around in your body’s fat cells for a period of time.
Disclaimer: These represent the opinions of Puurfx staff. All content is strictly informational and should not be considered medical advice. Please consult your physician or health provider regarding any further questions or advice on CBD/Cannabis