What is CBN, CBG, THCV, CBC? And more
Cannabis is a complex plant and contains many, many cannabinoid compounds1 — more than 60 of which have been discovered so far. Well-known cannabinoids like THC and CBD are actually made when cannabis synthesizes certain cannabinoid acids, which are “activated” by heat. Many lesser-known cannabinoid acids can also be produced cannabis and are poised to begin entering the market. Some of the compounds to look out for:
This compound is produced as cannabis ages, and it is typically found in low concentrations of under 1 percent in fresh marijuana. It’s only slightly psychoactive, but it does have strong anti-anxiety and sedative properties. As a result of increased awareness of this compound, there’s a good chance that more CBN supplements will hit the market this year
This is the compound from which THC and CBD originate, and it has very wide-ranging health benefits. However, it forms into either THC or CBD when it is exposed to sunlight. It’s likely that many CBD supplements will be infused with this cannabinoid in the future, and more research is likely to be done on the potential benefits of this compound.
THCV can be quite psychoactive in high enough dosages, but it’s present in fairly low concentrations most of the time. Furthermore, the effects of THCV are quite different from those of delta-9-THC. It tends to produce a stimulating, euphoric and intense — but short-lived — high. In addition, it is an appetite suppressant rather than a cause of the “munchies,” like THC. As awareness of this compound increases, there are likely to be more strains that are bred to contain high levels of this compound, and THCV supplements may be created.
CBC is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid that may offer a wide range of potential health benefits and medical uses. Unlike some of the compounds in this list, it’s present in significant quantities in the plant, which makes it easier to create CBC supplements.
While THCA does not have psychoactive effects unless heat converts it into THC, scientists are now learning that it may have health benefits of its own. Unlike the other compounds listed here, it’s not possible to create a pure sample of THCA, and there’s always a certain amount of THC mixed into a sample of THCA.
Unlike most other terpenes, limonene actually has effects on the cannabis receptors. While this compound is found in cannabis, it’s also found in other plants, and it’s thought to have health benefits. As a result, it’s likely that there will be strains bred to produce more of this terpene.
In addition to limonene, there are a variety of other terpenes that are thought to have significant health benefits, and consumers are becoming increasingly aware of these compounds. As a result, marijuana breeders are likely to create strains that contain larger than typical amounts of these compounds. Examples include pinene andmyrcene.
This form of THC is a bit different than delta-9-THC, which is the most powerful version of THC. It does produce psychoactive effects that are very similar to THC, but it’s weaker per milligram. However, delta-9-THC is only found in small amounts within the plant. As a result, there’s a good chance that purer forms of delta-8-THC will be created.